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It's OK to Believe in Both Creation and Evolution

by D. R. Cruise

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The Glossary lists and describes the book's technical and unusual terms. (Some terms used in this book do not appear in any dictionary.) Section numbers provide the location where the words and phrases appear.

Section numbers do not appear if the word or phrase (such as creation and evolution) appears throughout the book. When a word in a description appears bold, then that word also has an entry in the Glossary.

Let us begin with the symbols, :-) and (:-)

[sideways happy faces], These are internet symbols that mean, "I'm joking".

abbreviated universe - A universe that is missing “chunks” of space and time (and their contained matter and energy). For example, if the creation of the universe "left out" a portion of history, we would have an abbreviated universe. (3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.3) Also see virtual past

abiogenesis– The appearance of life where no life existed before. A living organism comes into existence, not from earlier life forms, but from non life processes. Some people question whether this can happen by chance; others say that it did. (4.4, 5.1)

acid rain - An environmental problem caused by the burning of fuels that contain sulfur. The sulfur is converted into acid which returns to the ground with the rain. (7.1.1)

ADD/ADHD - [Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder] A reported disease that afflicts many young boys and occasionally girls. (7.5.3,)

agenda - Plural of agendum. A group of notions, goals, or topics that have been scheduled and/or prioritized, sometimes without consulting everyone involved. (7.1.3, 7.43, 8.22) Also see hidden agenda.

agent of change – A way of describing God that presumes He influenced the evolution process in some manner, either locally or remotely. (1.1, 2.8) The term is so broad that it can be associated with such contradictory concepts as Intelligent Design and Theistic Evolution.

agnosticism - The absence of any specific belief (in particular, whether or not there is a God). (1.1, 3.1.8b)

AIDS - [Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome] A fatal disease that appeared in the latter part of the twentieth century. It is often, but not always, spread as a sexually transmitted disease, and has no cure. However, recent medical advances have dramatically extended the life span of its victims. (7.1.7, 7.2 and its subsections, 9)

all powerful God - omnipotence. The assertion or belief that God has no limits on His powers. (5.3)

all knowing God - omniscience. The assertion or belief that God has no limits on His knowledge. (5.3)

alpha and omega - The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. Used in the book to refer to the beginning and end of human life. (8.2.1)

amniocentesis - A surgical intrusion into the uterus that seeks to reveal the genetic makeup of an unborn child. (8.1, App. B)

analyst - [ANN-ul-ist] A term that often refers to a practicing psychologist. See Practitioner.

analist - [AIN-ul-ist] Used in this book to denote a person who engages in a form of non reproductive sex, a clue to the nature of which, occurs in the first two syllables of the word. (7.2.7)

analytic continuation - The mathematical description of an event may continue (either in the forward or the backward direction) whether the event itself continues or not. (3.1.2) Also see virtual past.

annihilation - Reducing an existing object to nonexistence. (3.2, 3.2.1, 4.0, 4.3.4) The opposite of creation.

Anthropic Coincidence – [Anthropic = Pertaining to humans] Includes the observation that human life has been the beneficiary of many cosmological, geological, and biological events. These were so favorable to our existence that it gives credence to (but does not prove) the notion that our existence was “intended”. References to Anthropic Theory and Anthropic Coincidences appear in Section (5.1) and the Reference Lists.

antibiotics - Chemical agents developed by medical science that protect us from bacterial disease. (1.5, 7.2.2, 7.2.3, 7.2.6)

antibodies - Natural agents in the blood stream that protect us from disease and infection. (7.2.2)

asexual reproduction - Just as there can be sex without reproduction, there can be reproduction without sex. (1.5, 8.6) For instance, see clone.

atheism - The religious belief that God does not exist. See religion to verify that “atheism” fits the definition of a religious belief.

baby boomers - The generation of people that were born immediately after the end of World War II. See Generation IX.

bachelor male - In many mammalian societies, a male that is temporarily or permanently barred from the mating ritual. (6.2.1, 6.2.2, 6.2.3, 6.3). For contrast see dominant male.

The Beak - An abbreviation of the title of the book, "The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time", by Jonathan Weiner. (1.5, 1.6, 4.2.1, 6.1.2, Reference Lists)

believer - Believer appears throughout the book as a shortened form of believer in creation. One who believes in God and creation, and who may or may not believe in evolution.

bestialphile - [beast - ee - uhl - file] Used in this book to denote a participant in a type of non reproductive sex, where at least one participant is human and at least one other participant is non human. (May be combined with other forms of non reproductive sex.) (7.2.7)

Beside Still Waters, BSW - Abbreviations for the book, "Beside Still Waters: Searching for Meaning in an Age of Doubt", by Gregg Easterbrook. (1.6, 3.1.6, 5.0, 5.1, 5.3.1 , Reference Lists)

Big Bang - An astrophysical theory that purports that the universe came into existence when a tiny primordial ball of mass and energy exploded. (1.6, 2.0, 2.1, 3.0, 3.1.6a, 3.1.8b, 3.2, 3.2.2, 4.4.1, 4.4.4, 5.0, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.3.1, 9)

Big Crunch - An astrophysical theory that suggests that the Big Bang some day may reverse itself. (This theory is not as widely held as the Big Bang.) (3.2, 5.2)

biosphere – Includes all living plants and animals together with the parts of the earth that sustain them. These include the atmosphere, the oceans and the land surfaces. (7.1.3)

Bubonic Plague - A terrible epidemic, appearing in the 1300s and at other times. It is sometimes associated with the term, Black Death. (7.2.2)

Calvin, John (1509-1564) - An early Protestant theologian who did not believe in free will. (4.1.2)

carbon dioxide - Plant food. A molecule consisting of one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms. It is termed, greenhouse gas, by proponents of global warming. (2.4, 2.8, 5.1, 7.1.2, 7.1.3)

celebration of death - A preoccupation with death and a reluctance to take sensible measures to defer death. Viewed in this book as a malfunction of our survival instincts. (7.4, 7.4.1)

clone - An individual whose genetic code is identical to that of another individual. An exact copy of the original, at least in the genetic sense. (8.6, 8.6.1) (I called the eugenics lab and some clone put me on hold :-)

condom - A device designed to prevent the exchange of genetic information when two or more persons, at least one of which is male, engage in sexual activity. (6.7, 7.2.7)

containment - The belief (or assumption) that God is contained within, and by, space and time. On the other hand, non containment is the belief that God exists apart from the space-time continuum and is not subject to its physical laws. (3.1.6, 3.1.6a, 3.1.6b, 3.1.8b, 4.3.2, 5.3, 5.3.1)

Copenhagen Conjecture - Even God does not know the outcome of a quantum event before it occurs. (3.1.6a, 3.1.6b) (Assumes God's containment.)

Copenhagen School - The belief that experimental uncertainty at the quantum level is inherent in nature, and does not reside solely in the mind of the experimenter. (3.1.6)

cranial capacity - The measure of how much gray matter can be accommodated in a skull. (2.6, 6.1.4, 6.2)

creation - The act of making something out of nothing. The belief that God made the universe.

creation fundamentalists - Those who believe that creation precludes the possibility of evolution. They base the belief on an extremely strict interpretation of the Book of Genesis.

creation science – A notion held by some believers that creation can be supported (and evolution disproved) by science. (1.1, 1.2, 3.1.8b, 3.1.9, 5.2.1) A subject on a common intellectual footing with evolution religion.

creationist - The words "creationist" and "evolutionist" are neither defined nor used in this book because they are commonly used with many different meanings and nuances. In this book, all of those who believes in God and creation are called believers. Those believers who believe that creation and scriptures contradict the theory of evolution are termed, creation fundamentalists. Those creation fundamentalists who attempt to use science to disprove evolution are promoting what they call, creation science.

cultural advantage - A child has the basis of cultural advantage if two parents nurture the child for two decades. Like any other advantage, it can be squandered. (6.3.2, 6.4.3).

cunnilinguist - A term used in this book to refer to a person who engages in a specific act of non reproductive sex. The act requires at least one participant to be female. (7.2.7).

Darwin, Charles (1809-1882) - The father of evolution science. A scientist who was doing his job. He was not always right, but in the author's opinion he gave us a legitimate working hypothesis with which to explain biological diversity (1.1, 1.8, 2.0, 3.0, 3.1.5, 4.4.1, 4.4.3, 7.5.1). For an interesting contrast see Huxley, Thomas Henry .

debt (to microorganisms) - The notion that over time humans must surrender a portion of their offspring to support the struggle against diseases caused by microorganisms. (7.2.2, 7.2.3)

delta smelt - A tiny fish that swarms in the common delta of the San Joaquin and Sacramento rivers near San Francisco Bay. Preservationists fear that the smelt are endangered by the pumps that supply water to San Joaquin Valley agriculture. (7.1.7)

designer kids - The result of parents choosing and designing the genetic makeup of their children. This can be done by importing sperm or ova or an already fertilized egg from “superior” stock. (8.1, 8.6.1). For contrast see natural kids.

divine control (of various kinds) - The author's speculations about how God may control the universe: (1) Control of the first kind is unobservable because of the Uncertainty Principle. (2) Control of the second kind introduces deliberate statistical anomalies that fall short of provable disorder (i. e., a minor miracle). (3) Control of the third kind results in outright disorder (i. e., a major miracle). (see 4.3 and its subsections, 4.4 and its subsections)

divine intervention - An action where God (purportedly) interrupts the Physical Order at local times and places to accomplish His objectives. (The author does not refer to an intervention as a miracle except under very restrictive conditions. Furthermore the author does not believe that God necessarily has to intervene at local times and places to accomplish His objectives.) (2, Chapter Four, 5.1, 5.6) (also see divine control.)

DNA - Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid. Chemical structures containing genetic "blueprints" which specify and decide all of one's inherited traits. (1.5, 4.4.1, 6.1.1, 6.1.2, 6.1.5, 8.1, 8.6.1, 8.7, App. B Also described as genetic code.

dominant male - In many mammalian societies and perhaps early human society, a small number of dominant males rule the village and have sole mating privileges. See also bachelor male. (6.2.1, 6.2.2, 6.2.3, 6.2.4, 6.3, 6.3.1, 6.3.3, 6.4.1)

dominant trait - A genetic trait received from one parent that may partially or completely mask the corresponding trait received from the other parent. When this happens, the first trait is called, dominant, and the other is called a recessive trait. (App. B)

endangered species - A term that applies to all species, including the human species. No species is guaranteed everlasting survival. (7, 7.0, 8.8)

entropy - A highly technical term that can be simplistically defined as chaos. (5.2.1) (It is related to the Second Law of Thermodynamics)

estrus - In most mammals (the human female being the major exception) ovulation is accompanied by "heat" during which the female feels compelled to accept the advances of the male. At other times she feels compelled to reject the advances of the male. (6.1.4)

eugenics - [eu = good, genics = generation] Any deliberate attempt to alter the composition of the human gene pool. Any effort to increase or decrease the occurrence of a targeted trait in the general population. (Chapter 8, 9, App. B) Also eugenicist – One involved in the practice of eugenics.

euthanasia – Providing early death for the elderly and infirm. See fast track

evolution - is a gradual change that occurs through small (and sometimes larger) discrete steps. Specifically biological evolution is the theory that higher forms of life, including humans, are descended from lower forms. There is also cosmological evolution (includes every event in the history of the universe), geological evolution (includes events leading to the formation and maturation of the earth), and human social evolution. Finally, the term, general evolution, includes all of the above.

evolution fundamentalist - One who embraces evolution religion.

evolution religion - The belief that evolutionary events are strictly happenstance and therefore preclude the existence of, or the influence of, a creator. On the other hand, evolution science says simply (and correctly) that evolutionary events are/were apparently happenstance. (1.1, 5.5, 7.1.5, 7.1.6, 7.1.7) Also see the two precepts of evolution religion.

evolution scientist - Anyone who engages in scientific research that is related to evolution theory, but who may or may not believe in creation.

evolutionary drift - See Linnaeus.

evolutionary framework - This term refers to the fact that all living species on Earth bear similarities to other species in both form and physiology, which suggests they belong to a common genealogical tree. Whether or not there was evolution, there is an evolutionary framework. This fact led Linnaeus to invent his famous taxonomic biological classification system, long before Darwin. (4.4.1, 4.4.2, 4.4.3)

evolutionist - The words "evolutionist" and "creationist" are not defined, or used, in this book because they are commonly used with many different meanings and nuances. See evolution scientist and evolution fundamentalist for two quite different alternatives to the term, "evolutionist".

family of origin – A person's parents and other forbears. Psychologists explore family of origin as a suspected source of blame for a person's problems. (7.5.3)

FAQ - [Frequently Asked Questions] A FAQ is a file, or web page, that contains answers to frequently asked questions about a particular subject. (1.2, 1.5)

fast track for the elderly - Laws and techniques that expedite the departure of the elderly and infirm from this life. (8.8)

fellatiori - [Plural] Used in this book to identify those who engage in a specific act of non reproductive sex. In this act, at least one participant must be male. (7.2.7)

fossil fuels - Geological substances of biological origin that contain carbon. In prehistoric (and continuing to modern) times carbon was taken out of the atmosphere by plants. It is now is being returned to the atmosphere by burning their fossil remains. (7.1.2)

fossil record - The bones and other artifacts of both modern and ancient species. More specifically, it is how such information explains and provides evidence of evolution. (1.5, 2, 3.1.5, 3.1.8c, 5.1, 6.2)

free will - The ability to decide what to do, and then to do it. Or alternatively the ability to decide what not to do, and then not to do it. (4.0, 4.1, 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 4.2.1, 4.3.1, 4.4.4)

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) - The father of modern psychology. A scientist who was doing his job. However, the author suggests that Freud's ideas and those of his successors do not always receive sufficient critical review before they are put into practice. (7.5.1)

fundamentalists – Those who have fundamental beliefs about a certain subject. Furthermore, they hold those beliefs so strongly that they have little or no tolerance for what they consider to be conflicting beliefs. The book speaks of both creation fundamentalists and evolution fundamentalists. Importantly, however, one can believe in creation or evolution or both without fitting the definition of fundamentalist.

G&BB - An abbreviation, see "Genesis and the Big Bang"

Gaia - The Earth's biosphere defends itself against adverse change. The Gaia hypothesis proposes that the Earth's biosphere long ago established a self regulating system that is greater than the sum of its parts (life, oceans, geology and atmospheric chemistry). In fact, due to its sympathetic response to changes, some say the biosphere behaves as a life form. Gaia offers explanations for this behavior. However, the hypothesis has been discredited (perhaps wrongfully). The chosen name was a large part of the problem. Gaia is the Earth goddess in Greek mythology. Thus, the Earth's biosphere was personified, deified, and even assigned a gender. A serious blow occurred when the global warming community came along. They do not believe that Earth has any defense against warming (as Gaia contends). So Gaia is no longer politically correct. This cost the hypothesis some of its original supporters. (The author believes the Principle of La Chatelier affords a better explanation of the facts than Gaia does.) (7.1.3, References [1] and [2] of Chapter 7)

gedanken - [German] Thoughts. A gedanken experiment is one that we perform mentally. (Often because there is no other way to do it.) (3.1)

generation IX - Used in this book to approximate the ninth generation since American independence. It is another name for the baby boomers that were born during the 1945-1965 period. (6.5)

generation VIII - Used in this book to approximate the eighth generation since American independence. They are/were the parents of the baby boomers. (6.5)

generation X - Used by most people to denote the tenth generation since American independence. They are the children of the baby boomers. (6.5)

gene pool - The super set of all traits possessed by the individual members of a species. (8.6.1)

"Genesis and the Big Bang" - A book by Gerald Schroeder that contends that the Book of Genesis is in harmony with modern science and vice versa. (1.6, 2.0, 5.1, Reference Lists)

genetic code - The DNA blueprints that decide the inherited traits of an individual. (6.1.2, 6.1.3, 6.1.4, 6.1.5, 8.5, 8.6.1, App. B)

genetic counseling - Reproductive advice for humans based on genetics. This would include advice on whom to procreate with (in order to avoid the appearance of genetic disease in their offspring). (8.1, 8.2.3, 8.4, App. B)

genetic engineering - The genetic modification of the traits of plants and animals that is intended to obtain stock that is superior in some predetermined way. (7.2.1, 8.1, 8.5)

genotype - An individual having a specified genetic makeup. (App. B)

geothermal energy - Energy that can be harvested from heat sources beneath the surface of the Earth. (7.1.2)

global warming - A theory that the average temperature of the earth is increasing due to the release of carbon dioxide when we burn fossil fuels. (2.4, 7.1.2, 7.1.3, 7.1.4, 7.1.5)

"God is a liar" - A historical argument against the ideas of Gosse that were promoted first by creation fundamentalists and later by evolution fundamentalists. However, the author contends that appropriate modifications can be made to Gosse's ideas that render this argument meaningless. (3.1.7, 4.3.1, 5.5)

Gosse, Philip Henry (1810-1888) - Naturalist and author who originated the ideas of virtual past that we modify and experiment with in Chapter Three. (3.0, 3.1.2, 3.1.5, 3.1.7, 3.1.8, 3.1.9, 3.2.1, 3.3, 5.3) He is the author of "Omphalos".

Gould, Steven Jay (1941-2002) - American Paleontologist and author. His last book, “Rock of Ages” speaks of non overlapping magisteria which is a term described in this glossary and also in (4.4.5)

greenhouse effect - See global warming.

group reinforcement – Group activity where people are bound together into a common conscience and purpose. (7.5.2).

half life - In those circumstances where the mathematics are valid, a set of objects (such as atoms of carbon 14) loses half its members in a fixed amount of time. That time span is called the half life of the set. (6.2.3).

hemophiliac – A person who is afflicted with hemophilia. One whose blood clotting capability is insufficient to stop the bleeding from a wound. (7.2.4).

heterosexual, heterosexuality – A technical term that refers to sexual relations between people of the opposite sex. It is built upon the Greek root, hetero, meaning different. (Note that the next entry below is built upon the same Greek word.) (6.2.3, 6.2.4, 6.3.2, 6.4.1, 6.6, 7.2.4, 7.2.7) Also see homosexual.

heterozygous - Describes an individual who has received a dominant trait from one parent and the corresponding recessive trait from the other. When dominance is complete, the individual does not show the recessive trait, but nevertheless can pass it on to future generations. (8.4, App. B) Also see homozygous.

hidden agenda - Often used for “hidden motives”, (7.1.2, 7.1.3), but also see agenda.

HIV - [Human Imunodeficiency Virus] The virus that has been identified as the cause of AIDS. (7.1.7, 7.2.5, 7.2.8)

homosexual, homosexuality – A technical term that refers to sexual relations between people of the same sex. It is built upon the Greek word, homo, meaning same. (Note the next entry below which is built upon the same Greek word.) (6.2.3, 6.2.4, 6.3.2, 6.4.1, 6.6, 7.2.4, 7.2.7)

homozygous – homozygous describes an individual who receives the same specified genetic trait from both parents. (App. B) Also see heterozygous.

homozygous dominant - Describes an individual who receives the dominant version of a trait from both parents. (App. B)

homozygous recessive - Describes an individual who receives the recessive version of a trait from both parents. This individual will show the recessive trait. (App. B)

Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825-1895) - Thomas Huxley was the father of evolution religion. Huxley, not Darwin, artificially superimposed atheistic materialism upon the theory of evolution. (1.1, 5.1)

ID community - The author's collective term for those who embrace Intelligent Design

insidious assumptions - (1) everybody is concerned, (2) everybody is competent, and (3) accidents never happen. (7.2.8)

Intelligent Design - The belief that the evolutionary framework reflects the intelligence and design of a creator. As a matter of faith, the author agrees. However, the ID community goes one step further. They proclaim that certain events necessary to the evolution process were scientifically impossible. These, they imply, argue for the existence of an Intelligent Designer. The author's position is that the Creator's existence can neither be proved nor disproved in this fashion. Moreover, the author does not believe that the specified events really are scientifically impossible. (4.4.2, 4.4.3, 5.1) For a contrast see theistic evolutionist.

intervention – For intervention by God, see divine intervention, for genetic intervention by humans, see eugenics.

La Chatelier's Principle - When a stress is applied to a system in equilibrium, the equilibrium will shift in the direction that offsets the stress. (7.1.3)

life cycles - The repetition of life. For instance chickens lay eggs and eggs hatch into chickens. So which came first, the chicken or the egg? Where does the cycle begin? (3.1.9) This question was eloquently pursued by Gosse.

Linnaeus, Carolus (1707-1778) - A Swede who Latinized his name. He was a prominent early worker in the field of biology. He invented the taxonomic classification scheme for biological species that is still used today. He believed that there has been evolutionary drift since creation, but, unlike this book, he did not use such a term. Linnaeus lived before Darwin and therefore before the extensive use of the word, evolution. He called the results of such biological changes, "Daughters of Time". (1.5, 4.4.1, 5.3)

macroevolution - A non uniform sequence of evolutionary changes accomplished by a small number of large steps (one may contrast it with microevolution). (6.1.2)

magisteria (plural) – Realms of belief, for example, the realm of religious belief taken together with the realm of scientific belief. The absence of legitimate conflict between these realms was termed non-overlapping magisteria by Steven J. Gould. (4.4.5)

McCarthyism - Thought control through peer pressure. Thought favored by the political right circa 1952. (7.4.3) For a comparison see political correctness.

Mendel, Gregor (1823-1884) - An Austrian monk who discovered the basic genetic principles governing the appearance of dominant and recessive traits. The principle is called Mendelian Law (App. B)

microevolution - A slow, smooth, evolutionary change that is accomplished by a multitude of tiny steps (for contrast see macroevolution) (6.1.2)

microorganism - A very small living organism such as a virus or a bacterium. (1.5, 7.2.2, 7.2.3, 7.2.4, 7.2.5, 7.2.9)

miracle - A special case of divine intervention. For the author to call an intervention a miracle, two elements must be present: (1) It must result in an obvious interruption in Well-behaved Temporal Flow. (2) There must be human observers. (see 4.0, 4.3 and its subsections, 4.4, 4.4.1, 4.4.2, 4.4.4, 5.6, 5.7) (also see divine control)

Mito-Eve - An abbreviation of Mitochondrial Eve.

Mitochondrial Eve - She is defined as the most recent common ancestral woman that each and every human person alive today can find by recursively searching their maternal lines. Abbreviated Mito-Eve (6.1, 6.1.1, 6.1.2, 6.1.3, 6.1.5, 9)

mitochondrion and mitochondrial DNA - The mitochondrion is a part of most living cells. It performs the task of converting food into usable energy for the individual cell. The mitochondrial DNA contains the blueprints for the mitochondrial function. It is widely believed that Mitochondrial DNA is received only from one's female parent. (This has been recently disputed, see the Chapter Four references in the Reference Lists.) (6.1.1, 6.1.2, 6.1.5, 9)

monkey trial - A popular name that was given to a court trial in 1925. In the trial a high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of teaching evolution. Two famous lawyers, William Jennings Bryan and Clarence Darrow, led opposing sides. (1.0)

morality - To many, this refers to behavior prescribed by God, Others claim that it is inherent to the human race and independent of God. In this book the author does not discuss morality. However, see social values.

mutation - A change in genetic code. It may be a copying error or the result of an encounter with a cosmic ray. (1.5, 6.1.2). It is believed to be an underlying cause of evolution, especially macroevolution.

natural kids - Children conceived without any kind of eugenic intervention. (8.1) For contrast, see designer kids.

natural selection - A facet of the evolution process by which individuals are favored according to their ease of adapting to the environment. This book treats the term as nearly synonymous to the notion of survival of the fittest. (Some may dispute this, but the difference is not relevant to the purpose of this book.) (1.5)

neodarwinism - The present "cutting edge" of evolution theory. It is the center of some controversy. The author has no specific quarrel with it but prefers to discuss evolution in more general terms. (1.1)

new society - A newer and less cruel human society where there is greater equality and fairness among the various members of the society. (see 6.0, 6.3 and subsections, 6.4 and subsections, 6.6, 6.7) For contrast see old society.

Noah's Ark - A large floating vessel described in the Book of Genesis. It was built by Noah to save his family and livestock during a flood that covered, at the very least, the world as he knew it. (4.3, 4.4.2, 5.7)

non reproductive sex - Sexual activity that by its very nature precludes the possibility of conception. But like reproductive sex, it can result in the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. (7.2.7)

Nostradamus (1503-1566) - A French physician and astrologer who made numerous predictions about the future (2.9)

nuclear threat - Refers to the (deliberate or accidental) detonation of nuclear weapons. Believed by many to be the quickest and surest way the human race can kiss our derrieres goodbye. (7.1)

old society - Used in the book to describe an older and crueler form of human society where there were dominant males and bachelor males. (6.2, 6.2.4, 6.3 and its subsections, 6.4 and its subsections)

omphalos - Navel or belly button. "Omphalos" is used in this book to abbreviate the title of the book, "Omphalos, An Attempt to Untie the Geological Knot", by Philip Henry Gosse. (3.0, 3.1.9, 5.3, Reference Lists)

omphaloskepsis - The act of contemplating one's navel. The basis of a terrible pun in Section (3.1.9).

On the Origin of Species – (abbreviated [ORIGIN]) Famous treatise by Charles Darwin on evolution. (1.8, Reference Lists)

orderly creation - A (partial or total) act of creation that does not introduce scientific anomalies. (2.9, 3.0, 3.1 and its subsections, 5.2.1, 5.3.1).

orderly event - An event that does not reveal obvious scientific anomalies. (2.9, 3.0, 3.1 and subsections, 5.31). (Also see Well-behaved Temporal Flow.)

ozone depletion - This is the perception, and probably the reality, that ozone molecules high in the earth's atmosphere, are being depleted due to chemicals released from refrigeration devices. This, in turn, allows more ultraviolet radiation to reach the earth's surface. (7.1.1)

Panspermia - A theory about cosmic origins of life that embraces neither creation nor evolution. (1.0)

paleontologist – One who studies bones and other relics from the past. (6.0)

parallel notions - Seemingly disparate ideas that inexorably lead us to similar conclusions. (1.7, 1.9, 2.1, 4.2.1, 6, 6.1, 6.4, 8.9, 9)

pecking order - A social behavior, first studied in the hen house, in which stronger members of a society rule and abuse the weaker members. (8.2)

permissive will of God - A way of describing the situation where God declines to intervene in Physical Order, even though evil sometimes results. The author ponders why He may permit this in sections (5.3, 5.3.1)

photosynthesis – The process whereby plants devour carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The process simultaneously captures energy from sunlight and is vital to life on earth. (7.1.3)

physical domain – The totality of space, time, matter, and energy. The domain in which physical sciences reside. Note that biology and psychology logically belong to the physical domain along with physics and chemistry. This is in spite of more restrictive classifications such as life and behavioral sciences. (2.8, 3.1.1, 3.1.5, 3.1.6b, 3.1.8b, 4.0, 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 4.4.2, 5.3)

Physical Order - Physical Order is the situation where events in the physical domain proceed strictly according to the laws of physics, and there is no intervention (benevolent or otherwise) by a Supreme Being. This may happen because there is no Supreme Being or because He chooses not to intervene (at least not at a given time and place). Also see Well-behaved Temporal Flow and the permissive will of God. (3, 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.1.4, 3.1.5, 3.1.7, 3.1.8b, 3.2.1, 3.3, 4, 4.3, 4.3.1, 4.4.1, 4.4.2, 4.4.4, 5.0, 5.3.1, 5.6)

Planck's constant - A small number that sets limits on the availability of information to an observer or investigator. A fundamental concept in the quantum theory. (4.3.1)

political correctness - Thoughts favored by the political left during the 1990s and later. The author has no quarrel with the notion of political correctness as long as individuals are free to dissent. Otherwise political correctness may evolve into a latter day McCarthyism. (7.4.2)

Poof! – a simplistic view of creation. “Poof! and something appears!” This is how some believers picture what they believe in. It is also how some non believers picture what they do not believe in. The author's continuing theme is that creation has to be more complicated than the way many believers, and many non believers, picture it. (5.0)

practitioner (psychopractioner) – A person who attempts to put the science of psychology into practice. In this book the term is used exclusively for a practicing psychologist. (7.5 and its subsections)

premise - A statement known to express, or assumed to express, a fact. A major premise is a general statement whereas minor premises deal with specifics. Premises are the starting elements of logical deductions. (1.0)

precepts of evolution religion - First Precept: The First Precept of Evolution Religion declares that evolution is truly happenstance and therefore, it rules out the possibility of any action, past or present, by a creator. (1.1) Second Precept: Humans are no better than any other species and they are arguably worse than any other species. (7.1.6)

preservationist - A person that wishes to preserve nature in its most historical condition. (7.1.6, 7.1.7)

prochronic event - An event that occurred before time. A virtual event. A term used by Gosse. (3.1.2, 5.3)

prototyping - The notion that God populated the evolutionary framework by miraculously creating new species that are based on earlier, less advanced species. (an alternative theory to evolution). that the theory of Intelligent Design boils down to divine prototyping. However, the proponents may not agree. (4.4.1, 4.4.2, 4.4.4).

quantum theory, quantum mechanics, quantum reality - A highly mathematical, but counter intuitive, theory that deals with events that occur in the smallest (atomic and subatomic) domains. The uncertainty principle is part of the quantum theory. (3.1.6a, 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 4.3.1, 4.3.2, 4.4.1, 4.4.4)

quarantine – A term referring to the isolation of a person with a contagious disease. (7.2.8)

rabbit fiasco - During the settlement of Australia, someone imported rabbits and allowed them to escape. Finding no natural enemies, they soon overpopulated and devoured much of the forage used by wild animals and sheep. (7.2.1)

radioisotopes - Certain types of atoms that transmute into other kinds of atoms and release radiation in the process. Some of them permit scientists to estimate the passage of time, particularly in the study of fossil remains. For instance carbon 14. (2.6). Also see half-life.

Raelians – A group who believes in neither creation nor evolution. (1.0)

rational fear - A foreboding that can lead to beneficial results. (7.2.9)

reinvented old society - Backward steps in modern societies caused by lack of commitment and by risky lifestyles. (6.4.2)

religion – [faith] In general, a deep belief in anything that cannot be proved one way or another by direct observation or by science. Two examples: (1) Belief that there is a God. (2) Belief that there is no God. (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.8, 4.1.2, 4.4.3, 4.4.3a, 4.4.4, 5.5, 6.4, 7.1.5)

risky lifestyle - A situation in which one finds oneself in dire need of condoms and/or sterile needles. (7.2.9)

Second Law of Thermodynamics - A physical law discovered by early workers who studied the flow of heat. It was later found to be related to order and chaos. (5.2.1) (Also see entropy.)

self-awareness - A consciousness that transcends one's computed responses to external stimuli. (3.2.1, 4.0, 4.2, 4.2.1, 8.6.1, 9)

sexually transmitted disease – [STD] Diseases transmitted during sexual relations. (Historically known as venereal disease) (7.2.4, 7.2.5, 7.2.6, 7,2,8)

Sickle Cell Anemia - A genetic disease that afflicts some people of African ancestry. (8.1.1, 8.7, App. B)

social values - Used in this book to denote behavior found acceptable in human societies. It can, and often does, vary from society to society. (1.9, 8.2, 8.5)

soul - An immortal entity that scriptures purport is possessed by every human. (2.6, 4.2.1, 9)

space-time, (space-time continuum ) - Space and time considered together as a single 4-dimensional reality. Humans, of course, experience the time dimension differently than the three spacial dimensions. However, modern science, and possibly God, view them as closely related members of the same set. Space-time is required to contain the matter and energy of the universe and to permit it to change. (3.1.1, 3.1.6, 3.1.6b, 3.2.1, 4.0, 5.3) For related concepts see physical domain, containment.

Spanish Flu - A deadly influenza epidemic that struck the world just after World War I. Unlike most flu epidemics which are most dangerous to the very old and the very young, the Spanish Flu mostly struck people of child bearing age. In concert with the battlefield casualties, the epidemic caused many children to be orphaned. (7.2.2)

special creation - The belief that Adam and Eve were created separately from the rest of creation. (2.6)

Special Relativity - A theory developed by Einstein. The only part used in this book is that information cannot travel faster than the speed of light. (1.5, 3.1.6)

speciation - The emergence of a new species from an ancestral species. (1.5, 4.4)

species - [singular and plural] A unified collection of biological entities defined by specific genetic code. This term appears throughout the book.

spherical model of creation - An experiment described in this book in which the universe consists of a finite sphere. At the surface of the sphere, matter and energy are created and annihilated in ways that cause a person inside the sphere to “see” a universe beyond the sphere (not presented as factual). (3.2.1, 3.2.2, 4.3.4)

statistical anomalies - Events that are unlikely but nevertheless can happen. The reader would not expect to walk away from this book to flip an honest coin ten times and get heads each time. If it actually happened, some might call it a statistical anomaly. (4.3.1, 4.3.2, 5.3.1)

stem cell - A stem cell is an unspecialized cell that appears most abundantly in the early development of the fetus. It has not differentiated itself into heart, lung, hair follicle, or any other kinds of highly specialized cells. It has the ability to reproduce itself without changing; but also the eventual capability to produce more specialized cells including those mentioned above. (8.1, 8.5)

Strong Hypothesis - God is extremely reluctant to disturb Physical Order. (4.4.4, 5.6)

subversion of the individual - The act of converting individuals into mental clones of each other. It can also be described as encouraging and promoting the herd instinct. The author considers it a subtle threat to our survival. (7.4, 7.4.2, 7.4.3)

survival of the fittest - The obvious notion that the individuals of a species who are most likely to endure are those who are best able to overcome whatever threats beset them. (Often abbreviated to "survival" and “survivability”. This term is found throughout the book.) (Chapter 7)

survival instinct - An inherent inclination toward actions that result in longer survival rates, both for the individuals themselves and for their offspring. (6.2.3, 7.0, 7.2.8, 7.4, 8.1.1, 8.2) - A news and discussion group on the internet. Its readers provide most of its content. It is moderated, publishes a series of FAQs, and treats many of the same topics that this book does. (For the sake of full disclosure, the author admits that many of their contributors do not agree with him.) (1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 3.1.7)

talk therapy - The act of trying to talk people out of their problems, often after they sign a claim form. (7.5, and its subsections)

telecommuting - Performing one's employment duties at home (and even in foreign lands) by way of a computer and/or a phone line. (7.1.2)

Theistic Evolutionist - A term sometimes used to describe the author and others who believe in both creation and evolution (the author, for one, was not consulted about being identified as such :-). (4.4.2)

trajectory - A (past, present, or future) historical path. (1.7, 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 6.3, 6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.3.4, 6.4.2, 6.4.3, 6.4.4, 6.6, 7.4.1) It is also used in the following contexts: (1) unperturbed trajectory, the path that is followed when free will is not exercised (4.1.1, 4.1.2) (2) perturbed trajectory, the path that is followed when free will is exercised. (4.1.1)

Trans-Eve - [Transitional Eve] Defined in this book as the first person to receive the last significant piece of genetic code that describes a human being in our present state of evolution. The definition is of no particular help in finding her but we can speculate that she was a close relative of Mitochondrial Eve. (6.1 and its subsections, 9).

transporter beam - A fictional device that disassembles a person at one place and reassembles him at another. (4.2, 4.2.1)

tubal ligation - A surgical procedure that results in female sterilization. It establishes a barrier between a woman's ova and invading sperm. (8.3)

24-hour obsession - The unyielding faith that a day is always exactly 24 hours long at all times and places in history, in the Book of Genesis, and in all modes of usage. (1.4, 2.1)

ultraviolet radiation - [UV] A kind of invisible radiation that we receive from the sun. In excessive amounts, it is a hazard to our health. (7.1.1)

Uncertainty Principle - A principle that states that certain information in microscopic domains is not available to a human observer. (3.1.6, 3.1.6b, 4.1.1, 4.3.1) Also see Copenhagen school, quantum theory.

vasectomy - A form of male sterilization in which the sperm's natural journey is thwarted, but not the journey of the male hormones that are produced in the same organ. (8.3)

virtual past - Events for which there is evidence but which may not have actually occurred. Such events are hypothesized in Chapter Three, but are not promoted as factual. (3.1.2, 3.1.3, 3.1.4, 3.1.5, 3.2.1, 3.3)

WAG - Wild Asinine Guess. (6.2.3)

Weak Hypothesis - God is extremely reluctant to disturb Well-behaved Temporal Flow. (4.4.4, 5.6)

Well-behaved Temporal Flow - Because there is Physical Order in the universe, we observe Well-behaved Temporal Flow. The past flows into the future in sometimes predictable and always plausible ways. As well as we can observe, no laws of physics are violated. However, divine intervention at the quantum mechanical level cannot be ruled out. (3., 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.1.8, 3.1.9, 3.2.1, 3.3, 4, 4.1.2, 4.3, 4.3,1, 4.4.1, 4.4.2, 4.4.4, 4.4.5, 5.3.1)

yahoo - (Pronounced YAY-hoo in contrast to the the internet search engine of the same name) The yahoos appear in Gulliver's Travels, written by Jonathan Swift. One chapter describes a land where the intelligent forms of life are German-speaking horses. The human forms (yahoos) have the intelligence and behavior of animals. The use of yahoo in this book is not intended to be quite as derogatory as Jonathan Swift intended it. (7.4.3)

yowm [or yôm] - The ancient Hebrew word that is translated as, day, in the Book of Genesis. It means, age or epoch, in addition to meaning a solar day. (2.0, 2.7)

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