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It's OK to Believe in Both Creation and Evolution

by D. R. Cruise

Important Notice

This book is now in print. As requested by the publisher, this chapter was replaced with a synopsis. To read the unabridged chapter, please order the book. [more]

Chapter 6. Toward a New Society

Having discussed creation at length, the author now bites the other bullet and concentrates more fully on evolution. We continue to pursue the notion that evolution and creation have interesting parallels. In this chapter, we discuss our origins and how we reached our present state of civilization. We consider past human biological evolution, also our past social evolution. [more]


The author comes along, not to argue with the evolution theorists, but to join them (perhaps they would have preferred it the other way :-). In any case, he now states the disclaimer that any discussion of human evolution should provide. Much of what follows in this chapter is speculation. [more]

6.1 The face of many Eves

A recent theory, based on genetic evidence, suggests that every person, living today, is related through maternal lines to a single human female. The evidence, combined with fossil evidence, suggests that she lived in Africa around 150,000 years ago. [more]


Scientists define Mito-Eve as the most recent, common-ancestral woman that every person, living today, can find by recursively searching their maternal lines. [more]


However, it is possible to define a less boring Eve. She is a transitional Eve, whom we can call, Trans-Eve.

Trans-Eve was the first woman to possess the last significant piece of genetic code that defines a human being in our present state of evolution. [more]


We may ask, what causes code to change? Genetic code must be copied from cell to cell and from generation to generation. Sometimes a mistake occurs during copying. (Or perhaps a sperm or ovum encounters a cosmic ray.) [more]


The human female does not feel compelled to accept the advances of the male on any day of her cycle. Nor does her physiology compel her to reject his advances on the other days. [more]


Two advances, one in technology and the other in animal husbandry occurred in prehistoric times. One was the ability to build a fire. The other was a partnership in survival with dogs. [more]

6.2 The old society

It is possible that the smartest person, who ever lived. rode with Attila the Hun. Human intelligence is of small consequence if something does not take our endeavor beyond rape and pillage. That something is civilization. [more]


Civilization, as we know it, may have required certain cultural changes. Surely, if we go back far enough, the structure of our society was radically different. Some may say we would have to go back to prehuman ancestors. However, the author speculates that we only have to go back six to sixty thousand years. [more]


If this was the state of human society 60,000 years ago, It is easy to see why civilization failed to develop for a long time. However, civilization and survival are two different topics. Our survivability at that time must have been great. Let us examine why. [more]


It is possible, and even probable, that homosexuality was common among the bachelor males. In fact, it could have been the binding force that kept their group together. If this is true, then male homosexuality in prehistoric times was an evolutionary advantage. [more]


If the population got too low, it threatened survival. If it became too high, then they had to defend a larger hunting area to feed everybody (possibly, it was a human society that only the Sierra Club could appreciate :-). [more]

6.3 Social evolution

How could a new society emerge from such a society? What trajectory would take it from the old to the new? The process may have consisted of many steps. The first steps were probably high risk, low survival events. But at the final step. the process perhaps reached a point where survivability was greater than where it started. [more]


At that point both the man and the woman discovered problems. She lacked the help she could get from the other women of the village that allowed her time to eat, sleep, bathe and answer the call of nature. His problem was that, even today, men do not nurture children instinctively. [more]


Thus for the first time, after many risky steps, the first advantage appeared. Children now found themselves nurtured by two parents for two decades instead of by one parent for one decade. Obviously this was a great cultural advantage. [more]


Sometimes for the better and perhaps sometimes for the worse, the world would never be the same again. It was the sixth day of Genesis! Let us ponder that last statement. Here, we are speaking of Genesis in the evolutionary sense. [more]


But six thousand years ago, the human species had already spread over six continents. This means that the trajectory leading to the new society had to repeat itself successfully at several points on the Earth. [more]

6.4 Comparing old and new

The old society was our evolutionary Original Sin, one that every individual still must overcome today. Evolutionary immortality lies in our children and grandchildren. (These are relationships not fully appreciated until the new society appeared). The unwritten rules of the new society are approximated nicely by the Fourth through the Tenth Commandments. [more]


The author has informed the reader that the view of social evolution presented here is speculative. At this point, it is up to the reader to decide how much of it makes sense. However, the discussion continues under the assumption that it is mostly true. [more]


There is some of the old, and some of the new, in every society and in every individual. Even in the times and places where family life was strongest, a propensity toward violence caused wars. A propensity toward greed caused people to push other people into poverty. [more]


A paragraph above mentions that the struggle sometimes goes forward and sometimes backward. It probably will never go all the way back. If it did, the world would find itself rapidly depopulated. [more]


Observe that women engineered the new society. We can see this by reviewing the individual steps of the socio-evolutionary trajectory. This does not mean they started with a plan, but they supported each step as it occurred to improve their lots and those of their children. [more]

6.5 Why?

(1) Society has changed from a predominantly rural to an urban society. When people worked from sun up till sun down in the fields, there was little time and energy left to get into trouble. Now people work in less strenuous environments, often in proximity to persons whom they are sexually attracted to, but whom they are neither related to, nor committed to. [more]

6.6 Slippery terrain

However, it is likely that homosexuals posed a greater threat to the new society in earlier times. It was not that they fought the new society, but their appearance in an evolving social trajectory, ended the trajectory. This could have been the case as recently as Old Testament times. Now, the biggest threat to the new society is uncommitted heterosexuals. [more]

6.7 Taking the fourth

Parents that raise their children responsibly, are what strengthens and preserves our society. Tragically many parents do not take this seriously. Those that do are often willing to let others tell them how to do it. [more]


Fundamentalists often receive criticism and ridicule for their defense of family values. And these are inflicted upon them even by people who also claim to support family values. The fundamentalists obviously have a credibility problem. [more]

6.8 Conclusion

This concludes the discussion about our evolutionary past. The next chapter will approach our present prospects for survival.

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