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It's OK to Believe in Both Creation and Evolution
by D. R. Cruise
This book is now in print. [more info]
Chapter 9 Summary of Parallel Notions
Chapter Nine brings the book to a close. Its purpose is to review a theme that runs through the book, particularly through Chapters Six, Seven and eight.
Early in the book the author suggested that evolution and creation are parallel notions. He believes that they are important enough, or at least interesting enough, to summarize. He hopes the reader has also found them interesting.
The definition is repeated from Section 1.7:
Parallel Notions: Seemingly disparate ideas that inexorably lead us to similar conclusions.
(In the summary below, remember that evolution is a broad term which includes more than biological evolution. It refers to cosmological, geological and social evolution as well.)
Section 2.1 drew a parallel between creation and the Big Bang. Both tell us that the universe had a beginning. Neither provides any information about events that may have happened previously to creation, or the Big Bang.
Section 4.2.1 noted parallels between the human soul and human self-awareness. They both convey the notion of an awareness that goes beyond mere robotics. They both imply that we are responsible for our actions.
Mitochondrial Eve was compared to the biblical Eve in Section 6.1. This parallel was obvious to the genetic scientists who named her. However, neither the genetic theorists nor the author claim that the two women were one and the same. They are strictly parallel notions.
In Section 6.4 we noted that the ideals of more recent human society are approximated by the Fourth through the Tenth Commandments. The full Ten Commandments came from the Creator, according to scriptures. The abbreviated set came to us through social evolution.
Also in Section 6.4, we noted that some people see evolutionary immortality in their children and grandchildren. In a parallel vein many people believe in the immortality promised by the Creator.
Section 6.4 went on to offer us two more parallels which are related to the old and the new societies. The old society was likened to Original Sin. The new society in some ways is a parallel to religion. However, the reader was assured that the new society was not the exclusive domain of believers, and the old was not the exclusive domain of non-believers.
Dominion over other species is discussed in Section 7.1.6. The Creator gives us dominion in the Book of Genesis. But we also have dominion because we are superior products of evolution.
Section 7.2.6 included discussion on AIDS. Was AIDS a punishment sent by the Creator? Or was AIDS brought upon ourselves because of a breakdown in survival instincts? (The author suggested the parallel but did not feel qualified to answer the questions.)
The necessity of death was considered in Section 7.4. The evolutionary view is that the death of individuals is necessary for the survival and future betterment of the species. The scriptural view is that the death of individuals is a necessary step toward final reward or punishment.
Section 8.9 discussed eugenics. Could eugenics be a sin against evolution? Could eugenics be a sin against the Creator? Possibly it might be both.
As a parting thought, let us consider the following two statements:
Humans were created by a Supreme Being.
Humans evolved from lower life forms.
Unfortunately, many would still insist that these are contradictory statements. However, even here there is a parallel that we all must agree upon. We were brought into existence by events beyond our control.
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